You will need
- Pens or pencils
- Computer access
- Camera (or smart phone)
- One copy of the observation sheet per person
- One clipboard per person
- Magnifying glass(es)
- (Pairs of) binoculars
- A map or plan of a local green space (e.g. a park)
- Large sheet of paper
Before you begin
- Find a local green space where it is safe for the group to explore. On a map, mark out the areas that the groups should try to cover. Try to include features such as trees, bushes, rocks and ponds where wildlife can typically be found.
- In your meeting place, the group should watch the ‘What is Biodiversity?’ film featuring David Attenborough.
- If there is a local species the group knows about that does not appear on the copies of the observation sheet, add it to the list. Consider looking online for other local species you could find.
- Set some ground rules for the activity. Some important things to remember include:
- Being calm and quiet, to not disturb wildlife and other people.
- Being gentle if handling any wildlife.
- Making sure to leave any wildlife where it was found.
- Not picking any flowers or plants.
- Staying safe and inside your set area.
- Being careful with borrowed or expensive equipment.
Run the activity
- The person leading the activity should explain to everyone that they will be exploring the biodiversity of their local area. Find out what the group already knows about plants and animals in the region. See if the group knows why counting them is important and whom it might help.
- Everyone should split into small groups when you arrive. Each group should be given an area of the local green space to explore. The groups need to have at least one copy of the 'observation sheet' to fill in, as well as a pen or pencil and a clipboard to lean on. Each group may also need a magnifying glass and binoculars, depending on what they’re looking for. The groups should all be encouraged to record anything that isn’t on the observation sheet too.
- Each group should set off to explore their area of land. Everyone should then try to fill in the observation sheet as best they can, recording only what they see and hear. The groups should remember to look beneath logs, look up at the sky and to keep looking where they are going!
- When everyone has finished, the person leading the activity should get everyone back together again and return to your meeting place. Once there, everyone can share their findings and help identify any unknown wildlife. Use the internet to identify wildlife that no-one is able to name:
- Everyone should put together a chart of their findings. Use categories to separate animals and plants, such as ‘mammals,’ ‘birds’ or ‘trees.’
The group has explored the biodiversity of their local area. Knowing the biodiversity in a particular place allows us to monitor change and address issues. Which of the group’s findings surprised them the most? What were the most common forms of wildlife and which were the least common? What was it like being David Attenborough for a day?
After exploring a local green space, the group shared their findings to create a chart of the local wildlife. Would they regard the local biodiversity to be typical of the UK (like other places they have visited), or was it different? Did the findings reveal any problems and has it inspired anyone to do more to protect and preserve biodiversity?
- Outdoor activities
You must have permission to use the location. Always check the weather forecast and inform parents and carers of any change in venue.
- Animals and insects
Be aware of the risks before interacting with animals. Be aware of anyone with allergies, and make alternative arrangements for them.
- Gardening and nature
Everyone must wash their hands after the activity has finished. Wear gloves if needed. Explain how to safely use equipment and set clear boundaries so everyone knows what’s allowed.
Supervise young people, and only do science activities that are advised and age appropriate for your section. Test activities first, to make sure you’re confident you can lead them safely. Use protective clothing where necessary.
- Near water
Manage groups carefully when near water. The guidance on activities near water will help you to keep your group safe.
- Phones and cameras
Make sure parents and carers are aware and have given consent for photography.
- Online safety
Supervise young people when they’re online. Give safety advice and remind them about staying safe online at home.